Proton and Neutron as 3D Construction

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  •   Hermann Josef Scheuber

Abstract

In this paper, there will be shown in construction how the virtual particles, the 3 quarks, build up with 3 gluons the Neutron and the Proton, the basic particles (together with the electrons) of the atoms. It is known that the whole matter consists of the 3 in confinement closed quark particles, for the Neutron as Down, down & up and for the Proton as Up, up & down, enhanced and reinforced with 3 gluon particles. The exact position of the 6 quarks and 8 gluons Elementary particles can be shown only constructively, as the constructions of Gell-Mann and Weinberg were removed in 1960 and 1967 by Quantum Mechanics and replaced by the laborious Lagrange mathematic formulas, therefore accessible only to a few experts. But here the non-mathematicians can see in a System of maximal probability the stationary order of Elementary particles.  


Keywords: Neutron Structure, Proton Structure, Up, Down, QCD Quarks, 8 Gluons, 3D Construction

References

Scheuber H. Standard Model Picture with 61 Elementary Particles Ijamtp. 2018; 4(2): 42-49. Doi: 10.11648/j.ijamp.20180402.12.

Scheuber H. From the 3D Construction of Gell-Mann to the Higgs Field with Data. European Journal of Applied Physics, 2021; 3(4): 932.

No special constructions of Neutron and Proton found garnish

Scheuber H. Standard model with 61 elementary particles in stereo picture. 2016. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/305851350_Standardmodel_with_61_elementary_particles_in_stereo_picture.

Wikipedia-Autoren. Eightfold Way +–. September 10, 2022. [Internet] Retrieved from https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eightfold_Way+.

Siegel E. What Rules the Proton: Quarks or Gluons? Forbes: https://www.forbes.com> 2021/03/18.

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How to Cite
Scheuber, H. J. (2022). Proton and Neutron as 3D Construction. European Journal of Applied Physics, 4(5), 4–9. https://doi.org/10.24018/ejphysics.2022.4.5.194